Vulgate (Latin Bible)Vulgate - Similiarly to the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek in the 3rd century B.C. (see LXX on Ptolemaic Egypt), by the 4th century A.D., the Bible needed a translation into Latin, which was the common language of the western empire. The result was the Vulgate, or Latin Bible. It was commissioned by Pope Damasus I in 382 and translated largely by Jerome using both the Hebrew Bible and Septuagint. Unlike the translation of the Septuagint which required 72 Hebrew scholars, the translation of the Vulgate was possible by only a single scholar. Hebrew was an ancient language which had mostly fallen out of use by the Hellenistic Period, and deciphering it was a long arduous process. Greek, on the other hand, was a contemporary language with Latin, and Jerome spoke both, making the translation of the Vulgate a much simpler task. It became the standard Bible of the Catholic Church throughout the Middle Ages.