Thutmose III (ca. 1458-1425 B.C.)Thutmose III (ca. 1458-1425 B.C.) - Had it not been for the reign of Ramses the Great, Thutmose III would likely be remembered as the greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom. He ruled 54 years (including 22 as co-regent with Hatshepsut), from 1479 to 1425 B.C., and significantly expanded the Egyptian Empire. He was regarded as a strong military commander and was thought never to have lost a battle (including the famous Battle of Megiddo). For this, he has been dubbed the "Napoleon of Egypt" by modern-day historians (even though Napoleon himself was ultimately defeated). In all, the record indicates he successfully conducted 17 campaigns and captured about 350 cities. He expanded Egyptian hegemony into Mesopotamia east of the Euphrates River. And like most great pharaohs, he engaged in several ambitious building projects, devoting most of his efforts to Karnak. In addition to his accomplishments, Thutmose III is famous for having defaced many of the monuments dedicated to his step-mother, Hatshepsut. There are a couple of theories for this. The most common is he was resentful of her usurping his early reign. More recently it's been speculated that Thutmose III felt that her rule warranted damnatio memoraie or "erasure from history".