Dead Sea Scrolls (found)Dead Sea Scrolls (found) - In 1947 a Bedouin shepherd boy was looking for one of his missing goats and stumbled upon a cave in the hills around the Dead Sea.  He tossed a stone inside and heard a clay jar shatter.  After flagging down his companions, they took a look inside.  What they found were a number of pottery jars containing extremely old parchment scrolls.  News of the discovery eventually reached the archaeological community and an excavation was planned.  However, the Arab-Israeli conflict of 1948 delayed an in depth search until 1949.  Between then and 1956, eleven caves were discovered (known as the Qumran Caves) with over 800 scrolls found inside.  Not all scrolls were intact, in fact, most of them were no more than fragments; but several complete scrolls were found.  About 230 of them (over 25%) were "Biblical texts", the rest dealt with various subjects, from commentary on the Hebrew Bible to daily life within the community at the time it existed.  The Biblical texts have received the most attention.  Every Old Testament book, with the exception of Esther, is represented at least in part among the scrolls.  The most spectacular is a complete copy of the Book of Isaiah; while one of the more interesting non-Biblical texts is called the "War Scroll", which is an "End of Times" document.  Recall that the residents of the ancient community in which the scrolls were written had retreated from society in anticipation of a great struggle which was soon to come (see Dead Sea Scrolls - written, on the Seleucid timeline).  The Biblical manuscripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls pre-dated the previously oldest existing copies of the Old Testament by a thousand years.  The majority were written in Hebrew, while about 15% were written in Aramaic and a few in ancient Greek.