Gil-galadGil-galad - When the War of Wrath was ended, Beleriand was in ruins.  Gondolin and Nargothrond were both destroyed, and the surviving Elves had to migrate from that land to find a new home.  So began the Second Age of Middle earth.  Most of the founding Elves of the Noldor had been killed in the war against Morgoth; and so it fell to Gil-galad, the son of Fingon and last king of the Noldor, to lead them.

 

"Then the Havens were laid in ruin, and the tower of Barad Nimras cast down; and the most part of Cirdan's people were slain or enslaved.  But some went aboard ship and escaped by sea; and among them was Ereinion Gil-galad, the son of Fingon, whom his father had sent to the Havens after the Dagor Bragollach.  This remnant sailed with Cirdan south to the Isle of Balar, and they made a refuge for all that could come thither; for they kept a foothold also at the Mouths of Sirion." ~The Silmarillion, chap. 20 (Of the Fifth Battle)

 

"It is recorded that Ereinion was given the name Gil-galad 'Star of Radiance' because his helm and mail, and his shield overlaid with silver and set with a device of white stars, shone from afar like a star in sunlight or moonlight, and could be seen by Elvish eyes at a great distance if they stood upon a height." ~Unfinished Tales (Aldarion and Erendis)