Ring of PowerThe Ring of Power - Just as Celebrimbor had forged the Three Elven Rings apart from Sauron's hand, so too did Sauron cast the One Ring without the Elves' knowledge.

 

"Now the Elves made many rings; but secretly Sauron made One Ring to rule all the others, and their power was bound up with it, to be subject wholly to it and to last only so long as it too should last.  And much of the strength and will of Sauron passed into the One Ring; for the power of the Elven-rings was very great, and that which should govern them must be a thing of surpassing potency; and Sauron forged it in the Mountain of Fire in the Land of Shadow.  And while he wore the One Ring he could perceive all the things that were done by means of the lesser rings, and he could see and govern the very thoughts of those that wore them." ~The Silmarillion (Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age)