BreeBree - An ancient city of Men that was founded even before the Northern Kingdom of Arnor ruled the land early in the Third Age.  After Arnor broke into three successor states, two of which were eventually conquered by Angmar, Bree managed to survive as an independent city thanks largely to its central location in the heart of Middle Earth.

 

"The Men of Bree were brown-haired, broad, and rather short, cheerful and independent: they belonged to nobody but themselves; but they were more friendly and familiar with Hobbits, Dwarves, Elves, and other inhabitants of the world about them than was (or is) usual with Big People.  According to their own tales they were the original inhabitants and were descendants of the first Men that ever wandered into the West of the middle-world.  Few had survived the turmoil of the Eldar Days; but when the Kings returned again over the Great Sea they had found the Bree-men still there, and they were still there now, when the memory of the old Kings had faded into the grass." ~The Fellowship of the Ring, Book I, chap. 9 (At the Sign of the Prancing Pony)