Temple of SolomonSolomon's Temple - King David had planned to build a temple to the Lord, but the Lord forbade it because David's reign had been marked by warfare.  So he charged his son, Solomon, with the task.


"David said to Solomon, 'My son, I had intended to build a house to the name of the Lord my God.  But the word of the Lord came to me, saying, "You have shed much blood and waged great wars; you shall not build a house in My name, because you have shed so much blood on the earth before Me.  Behold, a son will be born to you, who will be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days."'" (I Chronicles 22:7-9)


And, in fact, if you look closely at the timeline, you will notice the many conflicts on the chart during the reigns of both Saul and David.  But during the reign of Solomon, he fought no major wars and it was a time of peace in Israel's history.  It was during this time that the temple was built.  Solomon's Temple is located on the world history timeline, and you can refer there for more information.


"Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt*, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord." (I Kings 6:1, NASB)


*It is this number (480 years) that is frequently used to date the Exodus of the Hebrews out of Egypt.  Not all historians subscribe to this date, however.