HamanHaman - Long before Hitler tried to exterminate the Jews in Europe, Haman did the same in the Persian Empire.  He was the highest ranking official under the king and hated all Jews because of Mordecai.

 

"All the king's servants who were at the king's gate bowed down and paid homage to Haman; for so the king had commanded concerning him.  But Mordecai neither bowed down or paid homage.  Then the king's servants who were at the king's gate said to Mordecai, 'Why are you transgressing the king's command?'  Now it was when they had spoken daily to him and he would not listen to them, that they told Haman to see whether Mordecai's reason would stand; for he had told them that he was a Jew.  When Haman saw that Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage to him, Haman was filled with rage.  But he disdained to lay hands on Mordecai alone, for they had told him who the people of Mordecai were; therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus." (Esther 3:2-6, NASB)

 

So Haman put together a plan to eliminate them all from the Persian Empire.

 

"The Haman said to King Ahasuerus, 'There is a certain people scattered and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom; there laws are different from those of all other people and they do not observe the king's laws, so it is not in the king's interest to let them remain.  If it is pleasing to the king, let it be decreed that they be destroyed, and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver into the hands of those who carry on the king's business, to put into the king's treasuries.'  Then the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews.  The king said to Haman, 'The silver is yours, and the people also, to do with them as you please.'" (Esther 3:8-11, NASB)

 

HamanWhen Queen Esther learned of Haman's plan, she sought to save her people and devised a plan of her own.  She prepared a banquet and invited the king and Haman to attend, which Haman interpreted as an honor.

 

"Then Haman went out that day glad and pleased of heart; but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate and that he did not stand up or tremble before him, Haman was filled with anger against Mordecai.  Haman controlled himself, however, went to his house and sent for his friends and his wife Zeresh.  Then Haman recounted to them the glory of his riches, and the number of his sons, and every instance where the king had magnified him and how he had promoted him above the princes and servants of the king.  Haman also said, 'Even Esther the queen let no one but me come with the king to the banquet which she had prepared; and also I am invited by her with the king.  Yet all of this does not satisfy me every time I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.'  Then Zeresh his wife and all his friends said to him, 'Have a gallows fifty cubits high made and in the morning ask the king to have Mordecai hanged on it; then go joyfully with the king to the banquet.'  And this advice pleased Haman, so he had the gallows made." (Esther 5:9-14, NASB)

 

On the day of the banquet, Queen Esther revealed to the king that she was Jewish and therefore targeted for execution by Haman.

 

Haman"Now the king and Haman came to drink wine with Esther the queen.  And the king said to Esther on the second day also as they drank their wine at the banquet, 'What is your petition, Queen Esther?  It shall be granted you.  And what is your request?  Even to half of the kingdom it shall be done.'  Then Queen Esther replied, 'If I have found favor in your sight, O king, and if it pleases the king, let my life be given me as my petition, and my people as my request; for we have been sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be killed and to be annihilated.  Now if we had only been sold as slaves, men and women, I would have remained silent, for the trouble would not have been commensurate with the annoyance to the king.  Then King Ahasuerus asked Queen Esther, 'Who is he, and where is he, who would presume to do thus?'  Esther said, 'A foe and an enemy is this wicked Haman!'  Then Haman became terrified before the king and queen.  The king arose in his anger from drinking wine and went into the palace garden; but Haman stayed to beg for his life from Queen Esther, for she saw that harm had been determined against him by the king.  Now when the king returned from the palace garden into the place where they were drinking wine, Haman was falling on the couch where Esther was.  Then the king said, 'Will he even assault the queen with me in the house?'  As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.  Then Harbonah, one of the eunuchs who were before the king said, 'Behold indeed, the gallows standing at Haman's house fifty cubits high, which Haman made for Mordecai who spoke good on behalf of the king!'  And the king said, 'Hang him on it.'  So they hanged Haman on the gallows which he had prepared for Mordecai, and the king's anger subsided."  (Esther 7, NASB)